Uke (受) “Recieve”
Methods of block or receiving strikes can be placed into three catagories:
- Uke (受) “Recieve” – Standard recieve
- Uke Nagashi (受流) “Receive Flow” – Redirecting the attack
- Daken Uke (打鍵受) “Hard Fist Receive” / Uke Uchi (受打) “Receive Hit” – Receiving via a strike to the attacking limb.
In addition, there are two levels of Uke:
- Jodan (上段) “High Level”
- Gedan (下段) “Low Level”
Uke (受) “Recieve”
With your lead hand rotate the arm at the shoulder, creating a whip-like motion, receiving the strike at the kyusho “nagare” on the forearm. The force of the whipping limb will neutralize inward force of the strike.
- For Jodan Uke: swing the arm towards your centerline, past your navel, above your head and slightly down past your shoulder.
- For Gedan Uke: The above motion is reversed, ending just outside your thigh.
Uke Nagashi (受流) “Receive Flow”
This movement is performed the same, except the goal is to redirect the strike, usually 45 degrees off it’s intended path. The feeling should be that of guiding.
Daken Uke (打鍵受) “Hard Fist Receive” / Uke Uchi (受打) “Receive Hit”
This movement is performed the same, except that the knucklesof the receiving are used to strike a kyusho (pressure point) of the attacking limb.
For punches this usually “Hoshi” or the area around the elbow joint. For kicks, this is typically “Kaku” or the sides of the knee.
Uke Ashi Sabaki (受足捌) “Receive Foot Movement”
Although foot work can vary dramatically based on the school and technique studied, the typical default foot work involves the following:
- With your rear foot step offline and away at 45 degrees
- Sink your hips.
- Pull you lead foot with you, maintaining kamae.
- You should be just outside of range of the attack.
- Receiving can be performed to the inside or outside of the attacking limb.