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Gyokko Ryu Koshijutsu 玉虎流骨指術 "Jeweled Tiger School Bone Finger Art"
Gyokko Ryu History
Gyokko Ryu (“Jeweled/Jade Tiger School) is a Koryu Japanese Martial Art of Koshijutsu (Nerve Striking Technique) believed to have originated in China during the Heian Period,officially founded in 1156 AD. It stems from a style of Chinese Shitojutsu (lit. “Finger Blade Tehcnique) where striking with the fingers is emphasized. It was transmitted mostly orally from teacher to student before being documented by Takamatsu Toshitsugu and Masaaki Hatsumi.
Gyokko Ryu Movement
The movement of Gyokko Ryu involves 45 diagonals and large circular movements. Many of the techniques focus on redirecting the opponents attack to take balance, to create striking and throwing opportunities. Distance, controlling opportunities for attack, and redirecting the energy of the attack seem to be core principles of the ryu-ha.
It also involves unarmed techniques against armed attacks (“Muto Dori”); both Shoto (“short blade”) and Katana.
In his book, “Secret Fighting Techniques of the Samurai”, Masaaki Hatsumi commented that Gyokko Ryu is the “root” of the art – the foundation from which all other techniques spring from.
Gyokko Ryu Lineage
- Yo Gyokko (The original founder of Chinese Shitojutsu)
- Ikai (The man credited for bringing Shitojutsu to Japan circa 1156 AD)
- Gamon Doshi
- Garyu Doshi
- Hachiryu Nyudo Tozawa Hakuunsai (The master of Sarutobi Sasuke, circa 1159 AD)
- Tozawa Shosuke Oho (circa 1162 AD)
- Suzuki Saburo Shigeyoshi (circa 1180)
- Suzuki Gobei Mitsusada
- Suzuki Kojiro Mitsuhisa
- Tozawa Soun (circa 1288 AD)
- Tozawa Nyudo Genai
- Yamon Hyoun
- Kato Ryubaiun (circa 1394 AD)
- Sakagami Goro Katsushige (circa 1532 AD)
- Sakagami Taro Kunishige
- Sakagami Kotaro Masahide
- So Gyokkan Ritsushi
- Toda Sakyo Ishinsai
- Momochi Sandayu (circa 1555 AD)
- Momochi Sandayu II (circa 1591 AD)
- Momochi Tanba Yasumitsu (circa 1615 AD)
- Momochi Taro Saemon (circa 1624 AD)
- Toda Seiryu Nobutsuna (circa 1644 AD)
- Toda Fudo Nobuchika (circa 1681 AD)
- Toda Kangoro Nobuyasu (circa 1704 AD)
- Toda Eisaburo Nobumasa (circa 1711 AD)
- Toda Shinbei Masachika (circa 1736 AD)
- Toda Shingoro Masayoshi (circa 1764 AD)
- Toda Daigoro Chikahide (circa 1804 AD)
- Toda Daisaburo Chikashige (circa 1804 AD)
- Toda Shinryuken Masamitsu (born 1824, died 1909)
- Takamatsu Toshitsugu (born 1887, died 1972)
- Hatsumi Yoshiaki (Masaaki) (1931– present)